For the most up-to-date information, check the Civilisation Overview and Structure Tree in the game.



Versions 29-
by Carl Ortega [aka Carltonus] Email: carlthegreat-6996@yahoo.com. (California, United States of America).

Version 28
Added OUTDATED notice by Langbart.

Version 27
by Nicolas Tisserand [aka fatherbushido].

Versions 1-26
by Michael D. Hafer [aka Mythos_Ruler] Email: michaeldhafer@gmail.com. (Indiana, United States of America).

Version 0.9 based on earlier work by
Sting and Apollonios. Email: synchronicity84@hotmail.com, apollonios@phoenix-temple.com and michael@wildfiregames.com.
Michael D. Hafer [aka Mythos_Ruler] Email: michaeldhafer@gmail.com. (Indiana, United States of America).
Joshua Gilbert [aka Shogun 144] Email: shogun144@gmail.com. (Michigan, United States of America).





  • Generic Name: Perioikoi Hoplite.
  • Specific Name: Hoplítēs Períoikos.
    • Class: Citizen Hoplite.
    • Hacker Armament: Spear (dory, 2.75 meters).
    • Appearance:
    • History: The basic unit of the Spartan army made up of middle-class men or "perioikoi". The hoplite formed the core of any Greek army, with the unique phalanx formation ready to hold all potential attacks.
    • Garrison: 1.
    • Function: Heavy close-quarter combat unit; deals triple damage against cavalry.
    • Special: As a hoplite, may use the Phalanx formation (minimum 10 soldiers).


  • Generic Name: Helot Skirmisher.
  • Specific Name: Akontistes Heilotes.
    • Class: Citizen Javelineer.
    • Ranged Armament: Javelin.
    • Appearance:
      • Basic: Headband, animal skin cloak, tunic, pelta, sandals.
      • Advanced: Straw hat, animal skin cloak, tunic, pelta with Lacedaemon insignia, sandals.
      • Elite: Pilos helmet, animal skin cloak, tunic, decorated pelta with Lacedaemon insignia, sandals.
    • History: Helots were the subject class of Spartan society and toiled tirelessly for their full-blooded Spartan masters. In times of need, Helots were pressed into service to serve as squires and battlefield skirmishers if necessary. The loyalty and performance of these troops was often suspect, but good performance on the battlefield sometimes meant freedom could be earned for the Helot warrior and his family.
    • Garrison: 1.
    • Function: -
    • Special: -


  • Generic Name: Skiritai Commando.
  • Specific Name: Ékdromos Skiritēs.
    • Class: Citizen Infantry Swordsman.
    • Hacker Armament: Xiphos.
    • Appearance:
      • Elite: Crested Illyrian helmet, tunic, quilted or scale linothorax, aspis with Skiritis raven, xiphos sheath, leather boots.
    • History: The "commando" of the Spartan forces, sent on tough missions.
    • Garrison: 1.
    • Function: Heavy close-quarter combat.
    • Special: May use the Phalanx formation.



  • Generic Name: Perioikoi Cavalryman.
  • Specific Name: Pródromos Perioïkós.
    • Class: Citizen Cavalry Javelinist.
    • Hacker Armament: Cavalry Javelin.
    • Appearance:
      • Basic: Straw hat, tunic, cloak.
      • Advanced: Straw hat, quilted or leather linothorax, sandals.
      • Elite: Boeotian helmet (may be crested), short-sleeved or sleeveless tunic, scale linothorax, cloak, sandals.
      • Figure(s): -
    • History: Spartan scout cavalry, supplied by the Perioikoi, or middle-class of Spartan society. Good for hunting and harassing the enemy. The best such cavalry in Greece come from the pastoral territories of Thessaly. Spartan cavalry, though, was no to good.
    • Garrison: 1.
    • Function: Good hunter.
    • Special: -.


  • Generic Name: Greek Allied Cavalry.
  • Specific Name: Hippeús Symmachikós.
    • Class: Citizen Cavalry Spearman.
    • Hacker Armament: Xyston.
    • Appearance:
      • Basic: Tunic, cloak.
      • Advanced: Straw hat, tunic, leather or scale linothorax, cloak, leather boots.
      • Elite: Boeotian helmet (may be crested), short-sleeved or sleeveless tunic, scale linothorax, cloak, greaves, sandals.
      • Figure(s): -
    • History: -
    • Garrison: 1.
    • Function: Deals double damage against other cavalry.
    • Special: -.



  • Generic Name: Spartan Woman.
  • Specific Name: Spartiátis.
    • Class: Female Citizen.
    • Appearance: A short chiton. Long hair hair pinned up.
    • History: Spartan women were some of the freest in the ancient world. They could own land and slaves and even exercise naked like Spartan men. It is said that only Spartan women gave birth to real men. Such tough as nails women more than once helped save their city from disaster, for example when after a lost battle against Pyrrhus of Epirus they overnight built an earthen rampart to protect the city while their men slept in preparation for the next day's siege.
    • Garrison: 1.
    • Function: Good at gathering food. Has an 'aura' that boosts the productivity of citizen-soldiers around her.
    • Special: May build defense towers and palisades after "Feminine Mystique" technology researched. Also, cannot be captured by enemy soldiers.


  • Generic Name: Surgeon.
  • Specific Name: Iatros.
    • Class: Healer.
    • Appearance:
      • Garb: Chiton (player color), with a long white Himation wrapped around him.
      • Figure(s): Old man. White hair. Optional beard.
    • History: The art of medicine was widely practiced in Classical Greece. Hippocrates was the first physician to separate religion and superstition from actual medicine, and many others followed his lead.
    • Garrison: 1.
    • Function: -
    • Special: -


  • Generic Name: Perioikoi Merchant.
  • Specific Name: Émporos Períoikos.
    • Class: Trader.
    • Appearance:
      • Garb: Wide brimmed hat, chiton with himation, leather boots.
      • Figure(s): Man with trade cart.
      • Mount: Horse, trade cart.
    • History: Full-blooded Spartans themselves were forbidden from performing any commerce. Therefore, trading fell to the Spartan middle class, the Perioikoi. While not as widely spread as sea trade, land trade nevertheless was practiced on a reasonable scale.
    • Garrison: 1.
    • Function: -
    • Special: -


  • Generic Name: Fishing Boat.
  • Specific Name: Ploîon Halieutikón.
    • Class: Fishing Ship.
    • Appearance:
      • Shell: -
    • History: In contrast to hunting, fishing was not held in high regard and Hellenic artwork is nearly devoid of fishing scenes. Nonetheless fishing was popular both as the poor man’s entertainment and as a viable alternative to farming as a major food source.
    • Garrison: Cannot.
    • Garrison Capacity: 1 (support, infantry)
    • Function: Gathering is their only method of collecting.
    • Special: Garrison a support unit or infantry unit inside to boost fishing rate.


  • Generic Name: Trading Ship.
  • Specific Name: Ploîon Phortēgikón.
    • Class: Merchant Ship.
    • Appearance:
      • Shell: (Standard).
    • History: Spartans were not natural sailors, though they did trade with other Greek city-states.
    • Garrison: Cannot.
    • Function: Sets up trade routes between friendly Ports.
    • Special: Garrison a Trader inside to boost the amount of trade received.


  • Generic Name: Penteconter.
  • Specific Name: Pentēkóntoros.
    • Class: Light Warship.
    • Appearance:
      • Shell: Single-tier, 25 rows.
    • History: Penteconters were employed from 800 BC, mostly as a light support unit in the Spartan navy. After 600 BC, they were only seen in battle in very limited numbers. They were still in use by small states which could not afford a sufficient number of triremes for their navy.
    • Garrison: Cannot.
    • Function: These ships were designed to go fast so they could transport troops to the sights of battles. They had a single tier (level) of 25 oarsmen on each side, and were called Penteconters.
    • Special: -


  • Generic Name: Spartan Trireme.
  • Specific Name: Triḗrēs Spartiâtis.
    • Class: Medium Warship.
    • Appearence:
      • Shell: Three tiers of oars. Larger than the Penteconter.
    • History: The first Triremes were built circa 650 BC, and by 500 BC the Trireme was the most widely used heavy warship of the Greek city-states. In the Trireme the outriggers were now an integral part of the ship's hull. The Trireme also had a partial or full fighting deck above the rowers. The length of the Trireme remained approximately 35-38 meters, and the beam was approximately 3.5 metres. A Trireme carried 170 oarsmen, plus twenty sailors and fourteen marines in Greek navies. The top speed of a Trireme was approximately 11.5 knots. Some Triremes may have been able to reach higher speeds in short bursts. A Trireme travelling from Athens to Mitylene in 427BC made the 350 kilometre trip in only 24 hours, averaging eight knots (14.6 km/h). The Trireme could accelerate much faster than a bireme or penteconter, and was much more manoeuvrable. This gave the Trireme an advantage in combat, where higher speed and maneuverability meant a better chance of victory.
    • Garrison: Cannot.
    • Function: The common tactics of the time were to ram one's opponent. Most ships at the time were equipped with a large battering ram at the bow which was used to crush the sides of an opponent. Another common tactic was to brush along the sides of the opponent's ship and snap all of the oars off. Once the ship was disabled and floundering in the waves, then the other ship could move in and finish its opponent. The Greeks employed the ramming tactics to excellent effect throughout out their naval battles. Speed was the key element for ramming and that required maneuverability and lightly armored ships.
    • Special: .



  • Generic Name: Bolt Shooter.
  • Specific Name: Oxybeles.
    • Class: Bolt Shooter.
    • Appearance:
      • Shell: Scorpion-like large arrows or "bolts."
    • History: The Oxybeles was designed in 375 BC, because the composite bow developed so fast that it grew too large and too powerful to be operated by a single human archer. The bow was placed on a tripod and a winch was fitted to draw it back. It was still made out of horn, wood and sinew, but it was bigger and more powerful than the gastraphetes (belly bow). Because of that, the range was greater, and by placing the bow on a stable tripod, the accuracy of the shot was also greatly improved. However, the limits of the materials were nearly reached, and the engineers still wanted more power.
    • Garrison: 1.
    • Function: Building and Infantry killer. Smaller and weaker than the Roman Scorpion.
    • Special: .


  • Generic Name: Battering Ram.
  • Specific Name: Kriós.
    • Class: Ram.
    • Appearance:
      • Shell: A basic battering ram, made of wood planks with a bronze beak at the head of the ram.
    • History: .
    • Garrison: 1.
    • Function: Anti-building siege. Used to take down Walls and Fortresses. 10-20% weaker than the Roman battering ram.
    • Special: Does bonus damage vs. city gates.



  • Generic Name: Spartan Hoplite
  • Specific Name: Spartiátēs
    • Class: Champion Hoplite.
    • Hacker Armament: Spear (tied a lace around his spear to improve grip while thrusting over the wall of hostile shields); Xiphos (ornamental).
    • Appearance: Corinthian helmet with side-to-side large, bright red crest, bronze cuirass, bronze greaves, spear, aspis with Spartan regimental symbols, Xiphos sheathed on left side.
    • History: The Spartans had a very peculiar form of government which enabled them to be professional soldiers. It not only enabled them, but actually forced them to be superior soldiers as a small group of Spartans had to dominate an enormous number of subjects and unwilling allies. The Spartan army was superior in Hellas, and in the rest of the known world. No other army was so well trained, and had such excellent equipment. They believed that traditional training was the key to success, and for centuries they were correct, as they never lost a battle in spite of their small numbers. Ironically enough, this concept ended the Spartan supremacy, as the Spartan phalanx could not resist the new sloped Theban phalanx and the invading integrated Macedonian forces. The end of the Spartan power marked the end of the domination of the phalanx.
    • Garrison: 1.
    • Function: Deals triple damage against cavalry.
    • Special: As hoplites, may use the Phalanx formation (minimum 10 units).


  • Generic Name: Spartan Pikeman
  • Specific Name: Phalangites Spartiátis
    • Class: Atlas-only Champion Pikeman.
    • Hacker Armament: Pike (sarissa); Xiphos (ornamental).
    • Appearance: Pilos helmet (may be crested and/or with cheekguards), sleeved or sleeveless tunic, muscle cuirass, cloak, round Macedonian pelte, greaves, leather boots or sandals.
    • History: .
    • Garrison: 1.
    • Function: Deals triple damage against cavalry.
    • Special: As pikemen, may use the Syntagma formation (minimum 16 units, not implemented yet).



  • Generic Name: Leonidas I.
  • Specific Name: Leōnidēs.
    • Class: Hero Hoplite.
    • Hacker Armament: Spear (dory)
    • Appearance: A meaner and badder Spartiates, long hair poking down out of the bottom of his helmet, beard.
      • Garb: Corinthian helmet with transverse crest, sleeveless tunic, muscle cuirass, aspis with Apollo sun-ray design (symbol of Spartan kingship), greaves, sandals.
    • History: The king of Sparta, who fought and died at the battle of Thermopylae in 480 BC. He successfully blocked the way of the huge Persian army through the narrow passage with his 7000 men, until Xerxes was made aware of a secret unobstructed path. Finding the enemy at his rear, Leonidas sent home most of his troops, choosing to stay behind with 300 hand-picked hoplites and win time for the others to withdraw.
    • Garrison: 1.
    • Function: Infantry Enhancement. Deals triple damage against cavalry.
    • Special:
      • "Inspired Defense" gives the structure he garrisons +2 points regeneration rate.
      • "Last Stand" aura boosts nearby spearmen and hoplites 30 meters around him +1 capture attack strength and +25% melee attack damage.


  • Generic Name: Brasidas.
  • Specific Name: Brasidas.
    • Class: Hero Infantry Swordsman.
    • Hacker Armament: Xiphos.
    • Ranged Armament: Javelin (ornamental).
    • Appearance:
      • Garb: Pilos helmet with transverse crest, scale linothorax with outer garment, cloak, black-painted aspis with Lacedaemon insignia, leather boots.
    • History: Because Brasidas has sponsored their citizenship in return for service, helots fight longer and harder for Sparta while within range of him.
    • Garrison: 1.
    • Function: Skirmisher Enhancement.
    • Special:
      • "Inspired Defense" gives the structure he garrisons +2 points regeneration rate.
      • "Helot Reforms" aura boosts Citizen Infantry Javelineers, especially Helot Skirmishers, 60 meters around him +1 crush, hack, and pierce resistance, as well as +25% ranged attack pierce damage.


  • Generic Name: Agis III.
  • Specific Name: Agis.
    • Class: Hero Hoplite.
    • Hacker Armament: Spear (dory).
    • Appearance:
      • Garb: Crested Chalcidian helmet, silver-tinned iron cuirass, aspis with Lacedaemon insignia and arrow curtain, sandals.
    • History: Agis III was the 20th Spartan king of the Eurypontid lineage. Agis cobbled together an alliance of Southern Greek states to fight off Macedonian hegemony while Alexander the Great was away in Asia on his conquest march. After securing Crete as a Spartan tributary, Agis then moved to besiege the city of Megopolis in the Peloponnese, who was an ally of Macedon. Antipater, the Macedonian regent, lead an army to stop this new uprising. In the Battle of Megalopolis, the Macedonians prevailed in a long and bloody battle. Much like Leonidas 150 years earlier, instead of surrendering, Agis made a heroic final stand in order to buy time for his troops to retreat.
    • Garrison: 1.
    • Function: Super Hoplite. Deals triple damage against cavalry.
    • Special:
      • "Inspired Defense" gives the structure he garrisons +2 points regeneration rate.
      • "Constitution" gives him an extra +1000 health, more than a typical Infantry Hero.


  • Generic Name: Lycurgus.
  • Specific Name: Lykourgos.
    • History: .
    • Special:
      • "Lycurgan Military Reforms" - Lycurgus instituted several military reforms, thus the complete and undivided allegiance to Sparta from its citizens was implemented under his form of government. Citizen Infantry Spearmen -10% resource costs, Champion Infantry Spearmen (Hoplites included) -5% resource costs.
      • "Iron Pelanors" - To further support equality, Lycurgus forbade the use of gold and silver, introducing a new iron currency called "pelanors". Workers are boosted with +15% metal gather rate within an 80-meter range of the catafalque.


  • Melee Infantry: Perioikoi Hoplite.
  • Ranged Infantry: Helot Skirmisher.
  • Cavalry: Perioikoi Cavalryman.


  • Slinger.
  • Archer.
  • Cavalry Swordsman.
  • Cavalry Archer.
  • Heavy Warship.
  • Stone Thrower.



  • Generic Name: Civic Centre.
  • Specific Name: Agora.
    • Class: Civic Centre.
    • History: The most important place in any Greek city, the Agora served many purposes; it was a place for public speeches and was the stage for civic life and commercial interests.
  • Generic Name: Household.
  • Specific Name: Oikos.
    • Class: House.
    • History: Spartan houses were known to be particularly simple because of two laws of Lycurgus. The first enforced that the roofs only be crafted with an axe, and the second made doors only constructed with saws as tools. (Plutarch 13) These generally made Spartans more likely to furnish their homes with plain furniture to match their homes. This helped give rise to the term "Spartan" which means "sparse."
  • Generic Name: Warehouse.
  • Specific Name: Apothēkē.
    • Class: Storehouse.
    • History: Resources and building materials were kept in warehouses.
  • Generic Name: Granary.
  • Specific Name: Epoikion.
    • Class: Farmstead.
    • History: Grain was carefully stored in granaries, some of it being reserved for times of hardship.
  • Generic Name: Field.
  • Specific Name: Agrós.
    • Class: Field.
    • History: Most farming in Laconia was performed by Helots, the lowest class in Spartan society.
  • Generic Name: Corral.
  • Specific Name: Epaulos.
    • Class: Corral.
    • History: Basic animal pen. Also for horses, which were the domain of the truly wealthy in Greece.
  • Generic Name: Dock.
  • Specific Name: Limḗn.
    • Class: Dock.
    • History: Greece is a sea country, which is why some of the greatest Hellenic and Hellenistic cities like Ephesus, Corinth, Alexandria and Antioch were built by the sea. It should also be noted that all colonies during the Great Colonisation were thriving port centres, which traded with the local population. Sparta's port was the sea town of Gytheion.
  • Generic Name: Barracks.
  • Specific Name: Stratēgeîon.
    • Class: Barracks.
    • History: The Strategion was the main military headquarters, where important decisions were taken and plans for battles discussed by the army's Strategoi.
  • Generic Name: Stable.
  • Specific Name: Hippōn.
    • Class: Stable.
    • History: Stables are where horses are tended to.
  • Generic Name: Outpost.
  • Specific Name: Prophylagma.
    • Class: Outpost.
    • History: .
  • Generic Name: Sentry Tower.
  • Specific Name: Pyrgidion.
    • Class: Sentry Tower.
    • History: Towers were an important part of city fortifications. The defending troops shot arrows at the enemy and poured boiling oil over the assailants.
  • Generic Name: Palisade.
  • Specific Name: .
    • Class: Palisade.
    • History: A cheap, quick defensive structure constructed with sharpened tree trunks.


  • Generic Name: Blacksmith.
  • Specific Name: Chalkeîon.
    • Class: Blacksmith.
    • History: The earliest Greek smiths worked in copper, then bronze, and then finally iron.
  • Generic Name: Temple.
  • Specific Name: Naos.
    • Class: Temple.
    • History: .
  • Generic Name: Marketplace.
  • Specific Name: Empórion.
    • Class: Market.
    • History: Most Hellenic cities were centers of trade. The Emporion is the Hellenic marketplace, where commerce and trading occur. Economic technologies may be researched here as well.
  • Generic Name: Defense Tower.
  • Specific Name: Pyrgíon.
    • Class: Defense Tower.
    • History: Towers were an important part of city fortifications. The defending troops shot arrows at the enemy and poured boiling oil over the assailants.


  • Generic Name: Arsenal.
  • Specific Name: Hoplothēkē.
    • Class: Arsenal.
    • History: .
  • Generic Name: Fortress.
  • Specific Name: Epiteíchisma.
    • Class: Fortress.
    • History: Fortresses (also called a "phrourion") were built to guard passes and atop hills in order to command plains and valleys below.


  • Generic Name: Greek Theater.
  • Specific Name: Theatron.
    • Class: Theater
    • History: Greek theaters were places where the immortal tragedies of Aeschylus, Sophocles and many other talented dramatists were staged to the delight of the populace. They were instrumental in enriching Hellenic culture.
    • Phase: City.
    • Special: When built, activates the "Hellenization" civ bonus, which increases territory effect of all buildings by +20%.
  • Generic Name: Military Mess Hall.
  • Specific Name: Syssition.
    • Class: Mess Hall.
    • History: The Syssiton was the Mess Hall for full-blooded Spartiates. Every Spartan peer, even kings, belonged to one.
    • Phase: City.
    • Special: Train Spartan heroes and Spartiate champion units, and research technologies related to them.


  • Generic Name: Sanctuary of Artemis Orthia.
  • Specific Name: Hieron tēs Artemidos Orthias.
    • Class: Wonder.
    • History: An important religious site in Sparta.
    • Phase: City.
    • Special: Functions as a semi-Temple, healing wounded units within its walls. Researching "Peristatis" gives +20% maximum population limit per Wonder owned.


  • Stone Walls.
  • Wall Towers.
  • Wall Gates.


  • Hellenic Architecture.
    • History: The Greeks used stone construction from early Mycenaean times.
    • Effect: Structures +10% health and +10% capture points.
  • Spartan Women
    • Specific Name: Spartiátides
    • History: .
    • Effect: Female Citizens +40% health and +50% melee attack hack damage.


  • Peloponnesian League
    • History: Much of the Peloponnese was subject to Sparta in one way or another. This loose confederation, with Sparta as its leader, was later dubbed the Peloponnesian League by historians, but in ancient times was called "The Lacedaemonians and their allies".
    • Effect: Citizen Infantry Spearmen +10% Health.


  • Infantry: Hoplite Tradition, Archery Training, Conscription, The Agoge
  • Cavalry: Horse Racing, Horse Breeding, Conscription
  • Naval: Naval Architects, Reinforced Hull, Experienced Crews
  • Siege: Advanced Siege, Siegecraft, Armor Plating, Military Engineers, Bolt Accuracy
  • Economy:
    • Farming: Wicker Baskets, Iron Plow, Gather Training, Fertilizer
    • Fishing: Fishing Net, Salting Fish
    • Husbandry: Stockbreeding
    • Lumbering: Iron Axe Heads, Stronger Axe, Sharp Axe Heads
    • Quarry: Douloi (Servants), Heilōtes (Serfs), Andrapoda (Slaves)
    • Mining: Wedge and Mallet, Shaft Mining, Mines of Laureion (Silver Mining)
    • Gathering: Baskets, Wheelbarrow, Horse-drawn Carts
    • Trade: Trade Caravan, Handicraft, Commercial Treaty
  • Forge: Xiphos, Iron Weapons, Carburization, Improved Fletching, Iron Arrowheads, Trilobate Arrowheads, Spolas, Linothōrax, Mail Body Armor, Wooden Shield, Metal Rim, Improved Shield Alloys
  • Healing: Olympic Pantheon, Healing Range 2, Sphagia, Hippocratic Oath, Living Conditions, Battlefield Medicine
  • Architecture: Peristylon (Home Garden), Manors
  • Defences: Carrier Pigeons, Nyktophylakes (Sentries), Crenellations, Arrow Shooters, Murder Holes, Sturdy Foundations, Athenian Long Walls
  • Miscellaneous: Cartography, Diaspora, The Loom, Thesmophoria (Fertility Festival), Espionage, Counterintelligence, Dynamis (Will to Fight), Peristasis (Glorious Expansion)


  • Hoplite Tradition
    • History: Hoplite soldiers constituted most of the armies of Greece.
    • Effect: Hoplites -25% training time and -50% promotion experience.
  • The Agoge
    • Specific Name: Agōgā.
    • History: Spartans were housed and trained from a young age to be superlative warriors and to endure any hardship a military life can give them.
    • Effect: Champion Infantry Spearmen (Hoplites included) gain a boost of +25% health at the cost of +5% training time.
Last modified 14 months ago Last modified on Oct 7, 2022, 3:03:36 PM
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