For the most up-to-date information, check the Civilisation Overview and Structure Tree in the game.

Part of the 0 A.D. Gameplay Manual

For now, this page only contains information about the Greek civilization. For other units, see the in-game descriptions and the categories (Citizen Soldiers, Champion Units, Heroes) mentioned on the Terminology page. There is also a table of unit stats.


A common word for people, siege weapons, boats, and animals controlled by the player. In other words: every object in the in-game world controlled by the player that isn't a building.

The following abbreviations are used in this page

$ = Costs, F = food , W = wood , M = metal , Pop = Population(Garrison), HP = Hitpoints, Att = Attack, Arm = Armor, H = Hack, P = Pierce, C = Crush

Support Units

Support Units are non-combatant units.



$ Pop1 | HP 100 | F 100 | Att 0 | Arm H1,P1,C1
Trained in: Corral


$ Pop1 | HP 100 | F 120 | Att 0 | Arm H1,P1,C1


HP 100 | F 100 | Att 0 | Arm H1,P1,C1


HP 300 | F 800 | Att H10, P10, C10 | Arm H1,P1,C1


Female Citizen

$ F50,Pop1 | HP 75 | Att H6 | Arm H1,P1,C5
"Women are the future of men". In 0 A.D., they actually are the basic ressource gatherer and builder, and as such, the pillar of all civilizations.
Hellenes (Gyne): Even though Greece was a male-dominated world, women did play a significant role in it. The most outstanding examples were Sappho, the famous poet, and Olympias, the mother of Alexander the Great.
Trained in: Civic Centre <Agora, >, House <Oikan, >
Properties: build civilian structures, gather, (fight)
Gather Rates: food.fish:1 , food.fruit:2 , food.grain:1 , food.meat:1 , wood.tree:0.75 , wood.ruins:5 , stone.rock:0.75 , stone.ruins:5 , metal.ore:0.75


$ M120,Pop1 | HP 85 | Att 0 | Arm H2,P2,C2
Hellenes (Akaestor|Hiereus?): The art of medicine was widely practiced in Classical Greece. Hippocrates was the first physician to separate religion and superstition from actual medicine, and many others followed his lead.
Trained in: Temple <Naos, >
Properties: not yet implemented


$ F50,M50,Pop1 | HP100 | Att 0 | Arm H2,P2,C2
Hellenes (Emporos): The Greeks were born traders. While not as widely spread as sea trade, land trade nevertheless was practiced on a reasonable scale
Trained in: Market <Emporium, >
Properties: not yet implemented

Citizen Soldiers

In the ancient world there were not only warriors who were professional soldiers and had fighting as their job, there were also Citizen Soldiers who most of the time worked with something else (typically farming) and only sometimes picked up their weapons and went to war. In 0 A.D. we simulate this by having some units who can both do economical tasks (gather resources, build buildings, repair buildings) and fight. It is important to notice that advanced building can only be built by citizen soldiers.

Trained in: Typically at the Civic Centre and Barracks.

Helenes (Greeks)



$ F50,W60,Pop1 | HP 110 | Att H6, P16| Arm H5, P8, C6
The basic unit of the Greek army and unique in its combat tactics. The Hoplite formed the core of the Greek army with a unique formation ready to hold all potential attacks.
Trained in: Civic Centre <Agora>, Barracks <>
Class: Spearman - Spear (2.75m); Short Sword (ornamental)
Function: Heavy close-quarter combat. Good vs Cavalry Swordsman & Spearman | Special: May use the Phalanx formation after researching the "Othismos" technology (not yet implemented)

Ranged Infantry

Peltastes Thrakikos <Thracian Peltast>

$ F50,W50,Pop1 | HP 100 | Att P36 Range 48 | Arm H4, P4, C4
Peltasts carry a special shield called a pelta (from which they derived their name). The shield is deliberately curved to allow the Peltast to throw javelins faster and over a greater range. Peltasts were used to great affect by the Thebans at the Battle of Leuctra, successfully breaking up the Spartan phalanx and allowing the famous Theban Sacred Band to defeat the disorganized Spartans hoplites.
Trained in: Civic Centre <Agora>, Barracks <>
Class: Javelinist.
Attribute: | Function: Good vs Infantry Spear & Cavalry Archer

Toxotes Kretikos <Cretan archer>

$ M75,Pop1 | HP 90 | Att P25 | Arm H3,P2,C3
Cretan archers were the best archers in Greece. They used a different bow with longer range.
Trained in: Barracks <>
Class: Archer (Greek bow)
Attribute: about 80% range of the Persian equivalent | Function: Good vs Infantry sword & Cavalry Spear.

Infantry Gather Rates: food.fish:0.375, food.fruit:0.375, food.grain:0.375, food.meat:1.5, wood.tree:0.75, wood.ruins:7.5, stone.rock:0.75, stone.ruins:7.5, metal.ore:0.75



$ F100,M60,Pop2 | HP 130 | Att H20 | Arm H4,P6,C5
The Greek cavalry was formed by the rich and aristocrats in ancient Greece, because breeding horses was expensive. They were therefore not used in great numbers.
Trained in: Civic Centre <Agora>, Barracks <>
Class: Cavalry Swordsman - Xiphos short sword
Attribute: | Function: Good vs Support & Ranged Infantry


$ F100,W50,Pop2 | HP | Att | Arm
Greek scout cavalry, good for hunting and harassing the enemy. The best such cavalry in Greece come from the pastoral territories of Thessaly.
Trained in: Barracks <>
Class: Cavalry Javelinist.
Attribute: | Function: Good vs Infantry archer & Cavalry swordsmen, Good hunter.

Cavalry Gather Rates: food.meat:7.5

Champion Units

These units, which are more expensive than Citizen Soldiers and also lack any economical abilities, are however stronger and better at fighting.

Helenes (Greeks)



$ F50,W75,M25,Po1 | HP 140 | Att H10,P20 | Arm H10,P12,C10
The Spartans had a very peculiar form of government which enabled them to be professional soldiers. It not only enabled them, but actually forced them to be superior soldiers as a small group of Spartans had to dominate an enormous number of subjects and unwilling allies. The Spartan army was superior in Hellas, and in the rest of the known world. No other army was so well trained, and had such excellent equipment. They believed that traditional training was the key to success, and for centuries they were correct, as they never lost a battle in spite of their small numbers. Ironically enough, this concept ended the Spartan supremacy, as the Spartan phalanx could not resist the new sloped Theban phalanx and the invading integrated Macedonian forces. The end of the Spartan power marked the end of the domination of the phalanx.
Trained in: Gymnasion
Class: Champion Infantry Unit - Sword(not in formation) & Spear(in formation)
Attribute: | Function: Good vs Melee Infantry & Cavalry, Weak vs Ranged Infantry and Cavalry | Special: attack bonus (10%) vs. Persian units. Like Hoplites, Spartiates may use the Phalanx formation after the "Othismos" technology has been researched.


$ F50,W50,M50,Po1 | HP 130 | Att H10,P25 | Arm H10,P9,C9
'Foot Companions', these were the elite troops from the Macedonian phalanx, whom carried their Sarissas with both hands, the white shields being attached to their armour. The Sarissa and the new tactics they used were developed by Philip II under Theban influence. If properly protected by cavalry on both sides, the Pezhetairoi were virtually invincible to any kind of enemy unit. They were always deployed in deep formations of 16+.
Trained in: Gymnasion
Class: Champion Infantry Unit - 18-foot sarissa lance
Attribute: | Function: Good vs Cavalry and Infantry, Weak vs Archers, Slingers, and Javelinists. Vulnerable to Cavalry attacking from the rear. | Special: Syntagma formation after researching "Military Reforms." Movement: Slow.

Ranged Infantry

Ekdromos Athenaikos <Athenian Ekdromos>

$ F50,W80,Po1 | HP 120 | Att P40 | Arm H5,P10,C5
Ekdromos (literally: out runner) was a development of the hoplite. Development of the hoplite took many twists and turns based on the changing dynamics on the field of battle. Once armies began using Peltasts imported from Thrace something had to be done to counter this barrage of javelins thrown into the midst of a phalanx. The Thebans began to increase the armor of their hoplites, but the Athenians took a completely different approach and lightened the load for their infantry. The Ekdromoi would dash out from the phalanx, close with the enemy ranged units at speed, and cut them down at will. This approach also worked to harass more heavily armed troops as well, the enemy carrying too much weight to catch the vexatious Ekdromoi.
Trained in: Gymnasion
Class: Champion Infantry Javelinist - Throwing Spear (primary), Hoplite spear (Phalanx formtaion) & Kopis sword.
Attribute: | Function: Good vs Support & Ranged, Weak vs Melee | Special: Fast Move Great for raiding and great against siege engines (too fast to be hit by siege projectiles).



$ F100,W80,M20,Po2 | HP 160 | Att H10P25 | Arm H10,P12,C8
Macedonian noblemen made up this elite cavalry unit, which was key to victory for Macedonian kings starting with Philip II, whom increased their number from 600 to several thousand. The Companion Cavalry was also a preferred general stand.
Trained in: Gymnasion
Class: Champion Cavalry Unit - 18-foot sarissa lance.
Attribute: | Function: Good vs Cavalry & Archers, Weak vs Champion Units | Special: Fast mobile units.

Siege weapons

Units used mostly to destroy buildings, but in some cases also to attack large groups of enemy units.

Helenes (Greeks)


$ Po3 | HP 200 | Att P100,C25 | Arm H4,P10,C2
The Oxybeles was designed in 375 BC, because the composite bow developed so fast that it grew too large and too powerful to be operated by a single human archer. The bow was placed on a tripod and a winch was fitted to draw it back. It was still made out of horn, wood and sinew, but it was bigger and more powerful then the gastraphetes bow. Because of that, the range was greater, and by placing the bow on a stable tripod, the accuracy of the shot was also greatly improved. However, the limits of the materials were nearly reached, and the engineers still wanted more power.
Trained in: Fortress <Epiteichisma>
Class: Ballista - Scorpion-like large arrows or "bolts."
Attribute: | Function: Good vs Infantry & Cavalry. Smaller and weaker than the Roman Scorpion. | Special: Bonused vs. Infantry and Infantry Archers.


$ Po3 | HP 300 | Att H50,C100 | Arm H4,P15,C10
The Lithobolos (Stone Thrower) hurled stones of 10 lbs (4.5 kilos) to 180 lbs (82 kilos) in weight. They all looked alike and differed only in size: the dimensions being calculated by a complex mathematical formula based on the spring diameter. Such machines were normally brought to point-blank range (150-200 yards [157m - 185m]) and were capable of stripping the battlements from fortified walls.
Trained in: Fortress <Epiteichisma>
Class: Catapult - Stone-throwing catapult
Attribute: | Function: Good vs Building & Massed Infantry. 10-20% weaker than the Roman Ballista. | Special: Does bonus damage vs. enemy units garrisoned atop walls and towers.


Heroes are really strong units. Inspired by historical persons important to the Civilization. Compare to Citizen Soldiers and Champion Units.

Trained in: Dock


$ | HP | Att 0 | Arm
Trained in: Dock <Limenos>
Class: Fishing Ship.
Garrison Capacity: 1
Properties: Gathering: Only method of collecting meat from fish | Special: Garrison a support unit or infantry unit inside to boost fishing rate.

Emporiko Plio

$ | HP | Att 0 | Arm
The Greeks are natural sailors and traded heavily throughout the Mediterranean basin.
Trained in: Dock <Limenos>
Class: Merchant Ship.
Garrison Capacity: 1
Properties: not yet implemented | Special: Garrison a Trader inside to boost the amount of trade received.


$ | HP | Att | Arm
Pentekontors were employed from 800 BC, mostly as a light support unit in the Greek navy. After 600 BC, they were only seen in battle in very limited numbers. They were still in use by small states which could not afford a sufficient number of triremes for their navy.
Trained in: Dock <Limenos>
Class: Bireme.
Garrison Capacity: ?
Properties: These ships were designed to go fast so they could transport troops to the sights of battles. They had a single tier (level) of 25 oarsmen on each side, and were called Pentekontors.


$ | HP | Att 0 | Arm
The first Triremes were built circa 650BC, and by 500BC the Trireme was the most widely used heavy warship of the Greek city-states. In the Trireme the outriggers were now an integral part of the ship's hull. The Trireme also had a partial or full fighting deck above the rowers. The length of the Trireme remained approximately 35-38 meters, and the beam was approximately 3.5 metres. A Trireme carried 170 oarsmen, plus twenty sailors and fourteen marines in Greek navies. The top speed of a Trireme was approximately 11.5 knots. Some Triremes may have been able to reach higher speeds in short bursts. A Trireme travelling from Athens to Mitylene in 427BC made the 350 kilometre trip in only 24 hours, averaging eight knots (14.6 km/h). The Trireme could accelerate much faster than a Bireme or Penteconter, and was much more manoeuvrable. This gave the Trireme an advantage in combat, where higher speed and manoeuvrability meant a better chance of victory.
Trained in: Dock <Limenos>
Class: Trireme.
Garrison Capacity: ?
Properties: The common tactics of the time were to ram one's opponent. Most ships at the time were equipped with a large battering ram at the bow which was used to crush the sides of an opponent. Another common tactic was to brush along the sides of the opponent's ship and snap all of the oars off. Once the ship was disabled and floundering in the waves, then the other ship could move in and finish its opponent. The Greeks employed the ramming tactics to excellent effect throught out their naval battles. Speed was the key element for ramming and that required manoeuvrability and lightly armoured ships.


Last modified 2 months ago Last modified on Feb 19, 2024, 7:44:56 PM
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